Austria, Officially the Republic of Austria is a federal republic and a landlocked country of roughly 8.47 million people in East Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,855 square kilometers (32,377 sq mi) and has a temperate and alpine climate. Austria's terrain is highly mountainous due to the presence of the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 meters (1,640 ft.), and its highest point is 3,798 meters (12,461 ft.). The majority of the population speak local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language.