Magazine Journalism, Types of Magazine

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Scholarship Description:

Magazine Journalism, Types of Magazine is open for . The scholarship allows level programm(s) in the field of taught at . The deadline of the scholarship is .

Introduction
Magazine journalism uses the traditional journalism tools of interviews, background research and writing to produce articles for consumer and trade magazines. Magazine journalism differs from newspaper journalism in at least five ways. Newspapers have a very broad audience with widely varying ages and interests confined to one metropolitan area. Magazines have a national audience who has a very specialized interest in one particular topic. Magazines are published monthly instead of daily. Therefore readers expect articles that are longer with much more in-depth analysis of issues and trends.

Magazine, a publication issued at regular intervals, usually weekly or monthly, containing articles stories , photographs, advertisement, and other features, with a page size that is usually smaller than that of a newspaper but larger that that of a book.

Magazine today is an important source of information. It performs entertainment function very well and builds the opinion of reader on the other hand.

Brief History:
· First magazine was “review” in 1704 written for nine years by Daniel defoe. It consisted of four pages three times a week.
· In 1709 “tattler “by Richard steel was published. It was edited by a fictitious editor called “isac Bickerstaff”.
· In 1711 “spectator” by joseph Addison was published.
In sub continent:
· First magazine published in 1870 was “hickey gazette” . the editor was james augustus hickey. It was an English magazine.
· After independence of Pakistan there was the birth of a new independent society in Pakistan.
· Journalism played up role in information of society.
· National press trust was created in 1963.
· Due to NPT declaration of magazine was difficult to obtain.
· General yahya relaxed restrictions but imposed later on.
· General ziaulhuq lifted restrictions for a short period.
· In 1988 interim government cancelled the press and publication ordinance and a new ordinance i.e. Registration of printing and press ordinance (RPPO) was made.
· RPPO is still running in Pakistan.

Types of Magazines:
Following are the most common types of magazines.

  1. Magazines of general interest: these magazines cater the need of entire population and have large circulation. In Pakistan Lailo nihar, Zindagi, Urdu digest, Quomi Digest, Family, Akhbare jahan are the examples. The world famous reader digest is also in same category.

  2. News Magazine: these are periodicals which are produced weekly or fortnightly. Articles on situation, politics, Economics, Religon, industry, sports etc are published e.g. Herald, Weekly Pulse, and Times.

  3. High Class Magazines: These magazine are aimed at selected audience, they appeal to a particular class. These magazines are serious minded periodicals offering high level reporting with emphasis upon literacy, ethical, social, political or scientific problems.

  4. Magazine of Men’s Interest: e.g. sports, love stories, fashion, photos

  5. Technical Magazines: these magazines are for specialized sections of society i.e. engineering, medicine, gardening etc.

  6. The House Magazine/ Journals: These are produced by companies, organizations etc and are distributed free of cost to employees, customers. The purpose behind is to present the products of a company. House journals are produced by the public relation department of any organization.

  7. Literary Magazine: before partition there were literary men like sirsyed, laulana zafar ali khan, hasrat muhani, mulana Muhammad ali jauhar etc. they were poets, writers and literary figures. They published literary magazines but after publication of general magazine their popularity suffered. At present news papers of Pakistan publish their literary weekly. Magazines e.g. humayun, nairang-i- khayal, were very popular but they were closed. At present fanon, naqoosh, sawara, nia dur are famous.

  8. Religious Magazine: tarjuman ul quran, turjuman ul hadith, iblagh, al Islam etc.

  9. Film Magazine: Shama, Musawar, Nigar, Roman, Shabab, Mumtaz are examples.

  10. Sports Magazine: cricketer, sports times etc

  11. Magazine For Children: Phool, Taleem, Naunihal, bacho ka digest are examples.

Degree Level:

Magazine Journalism, Types of Magazine is available to undertake level programs at .

Available Subjects:

Following subject are available to study under this scholarship program.

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